George O. Liber. From Famine to the Holodomor, 1932-1933

George O. Liber. From Famine to the Holodomor, 1932-1933

Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914–1954 By George O. Liber University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division © 201 Between 1914 and 1954, the Ukrainian-speaking territories in East Central Europe suffered almost 15 million “excess deaths” as well as numerous large-scale evacuations and forced population transfers. These losses were the devastating consequences of the two world wars, revolutions, famines, genocidal campaigns, and purges that wracked Europe in the first half of the…

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